Title:Quantum Journal Club: Probing Johnson noise and ballistic transport in normal me
Speaker: Wengang Zhang Tsinghua University
Time: 2015-06-12 15:00-2015-06-12 16:00
Venue:MMW S327


Thermally induced electrical currents, known as Johnson noise, cause fluctuating electric and magnetic fields in proximity to a conductor. These fluctuations are intrinsically related to the conductivity of the metal.We use single-spin qubits associated with nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond to probe Johnson noise in the vicinity of conductive silver films. Measurements of polycrystalline silver films over a range of distances (20 to 200 nanometers) and temperatures (10 to 300 kelvin) are consistent with the classically expected behavior of the magnetic fluctuations. However, we find that Johnson noise is markedly suppressed next to single-crystal films, indicative of a substantial deviation fromOhm’s lawat length scales belowthe electronmean free path.Our results are consistent with a generalized model that accounts for the ballistic motion of electrons in the metal, indicating that under the appropriate conditions, nearby electrodes may be used for controlling nanoscale optoelectronic, atomic, and solid-state quantum systems.

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